CO₂ and Fine dust
New research proves a minimal impact of firework on the environment
The share of CO2 in fireworks (professional firework displays and New Year’s Eve consumer fireworks) is significantly small, only about one millionth of the CO2 emissions in Germany: the share of CO2 from fireworks calculated by the VPI is 1,150 tons. Calculated on the total CO2 emissions in Germany of 805,000,000 t, this results in a share of 0.00013%. According to the Federal Environment Agency (UBA), these numbers are valid and the emissions of minor importance. Fireworks are therefore not a relevant CO2 polluter.
Fine dust & C02 in Germany
Find here the most important results:
In the course of their discussions, the VPI and the UBA decided to select a weighted emission factor that would provide a more accurate picture, taking into account consumer preferences on New Year’s Eve. A value of 286.2 kg of PM10 fine dust per metric ton of net explosive mass (NEM) was determined. With regard to the past New Year’s Eve, the following values result: The NEM portion of the New Year’s Eve fireworks was 5,159 tons. Multiplied by 0.2862 tons of fine dust PM10, the total fine dust emission from fireworks on New Year’s Eve 2019 is 1,477 tons, which corresponds to a share of 0.7% of the total particulate matter emission in Germany.
The limit value of fine dust permitted in Germany is 40 μg PM10/cubic meter as an annual average. A PM10 daily average, moreover, may not exceed 50 μg PM10/cubic meter more than 35 times. None of the 98 cities named by the DUH exceeded this
Fine dust is a local emission. However, these are not relevant for the climate. Above all, greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, are responsible for global warming.